Book Four (Psalms 90–106) within the Context of the Psalter
Much could be said about the purpose of Book Four (Psalms 90-106) within the Psalter as a whole ; the table below gives an overview of its contents and its extent compared with the other books. Book Four comprises three collections of three psalms and one of seven psalms, with an additional psalm (94) breaking up the latter sequence. Its seventeen psalms mirror the seventeen in Book Three, which overall testifies to the downfall of the king ; Psalms 90-106 serves to provide an alternative vision to the covenant with David.
The Psalter as a Collection of Five Books
What is of particular relevance for our reading of the first three psalms in Book Four is that throughout this entire book the figure of David is hardly evident, whilst the figure of Moses is clearly prominent. For example, the heading ledāwîd (‘to/for David’) occurs in Book One over all but two psalms; in Books Two and Three the Davidic s...